To start, PAS Stands for Pedal Assist System
The PAS levels correspond to how much help the motor will give you while pedaling.
For example we will look at a bike with 5 PAS levels, which is the most common amount on Biktrix bikes. However this explanation still fits if your bike has more levels or fewer.
If you are at PAS level 1 of 5 you are using ⅕ of the motors available help. Level 2 you are using 2/5 , level 3 using ⅗, level 4 is ⅘ and at level 5 you are using all of the motors available power to help you.
The main benefits of PAS is that you can get power from the motor without having to use a throttle - just pedaling will be enough.
Pedal assist systems are classified into two categories based on different sensors used: Cadence and Torque sensors. Biktrix bikes use each of these and some models use both.
- Measures IF you are pedaling or not pedaling.
- Sends the controller a signal of on or off (1 or 0) but nothing in between.
- Turns the motor on when you pedal and off when you are not pedaling.
- Must control boost level and speed by adjusting PAS level.
- If you pedal faster than the motor is spinning the motor will work against your efforts.
Measures the force you apply when pedaling and uses that force to determine how much electric power the motor assists with.
Sends the controller a number BETWEEN 0 and 1 corresponding to how much force you are pedaling with.
Amplifies your pedal input - when you pedal harder the motor will work harder while if you pedal lighter the motor will produce less power.
You adjust the assist level through a combination of how hard you pedal and the PAS setting you are using on the bike.